Environmental monitoring refers to taking various measures to monitor the ecological environment in real-time. By using data feedback on the characteristics of the ecological environment, it can effectively help in the formulation of subsequent environmental protection measures. Environmental monitoring is an important part of environmental protection work and is the basis and technical support for environmental management. Air quality monitoring is also an important component of environmental monitoring.
Atmospheric environmental monitoring is the process of measuring the concentration of pollutants in the atmospheric environment, observing and analyzing their changes, and assessing their impact on the environment. Atmospheric pollution monitoring involves determining the types and concentrations of pollutants in the atmosphere, as well as observing their spatial and temporal distribution patterns and changes over time.
The molecular pollutants mainly monitored include sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, ozone, halogenated hydrocarbons, and hydrocarbons.
Odor pollution refers to a type of gaseous pollutant that causes unpleasant odors and harm to human health, and is perceived through the sense of smell in the atmosphere, water, soil, waste, and other substances.
Sources of odor pollution are widely distributed, but mostly come from industrial enterprises such as petrochemical plants, garbage disposal plants, sewage treatment plants, feed mills, fertilizer processing plants, livestock farms, tanneries, pulp mills, etc., especially in petroleum which contains trace amounts and various structural forms of sulfur, oxygen, nitrogen, and other hydrocarbon compounds.